The European Sports activities Automobile
A assessment of The European Sports activities Automobile, protecting growth, necessary options, and technical knowledge of every mannequin within the vary, from the Golf GTi Mk1 to the Peugeot GTi 1.9.On this Article, I provide a nostalgic assessment of two well-liked European sports activities automobiles, which had been manufactured in the course of the interval 1975 to 1999.GOLF GTIMark 1In 1975, the VW Golf GTI sports activities automotive was launched on the Frankfurt Motor Present.It was one of many first small automobiles to make use of gasoline injection as an alternative of carburettors.This, coupled with its mild weight and 1.6 litre engine, helped to create its excessive efficiency.It was provided as a three or 5 door hatchback, and was a right away success.The Mark 1 Golf GTI was one in all, if not the primary, automobiles to be designated as a “Hot Hatch”, referring to it being an upgraded small household saloon.Though some left hand drive automobiles reached the UK market in 1977, it was not till 1979 that the primary proper hand variations arrived.One motoring journal trumpeted that the Mark 1 Golf GTI was the third finest automotive of the 1980’s.Mark 2In 1984, the now profitable Golf GTI sports activities automotive was offered within the Mark 2 model, once more as a three or 5 door hatchback.Just like the later Mark 1’s, it used a 1.eight litre, Bosch gasoline injected engine.It had a distinct chassis, and the brand new styling launched it to a wider viewers. Gross sales of the Mark 2 exceeded these of the Mark 1.In 1986, the Golf GTI 16v was launched. It used a 16 valve, double overhead cam, 1.eight litre engine with a compression ratio of 10:1.
This mannequin was distinguished by purple and black “16” badges on the entrance and rear.In 1990, as a part of a facelift, the Golf GTI Mark 2 obtained a particular “Big Bumper” on the entrance, which grew to become normal on all future fashions.This addition made the Mark 2 extraordinarily fascinating.Additionally, that yr, the Golf GTi Mark 2 G60 was launched.It used the 16 valve, double overhead cam, 1.eight litre engine fitted with a G60 supercharger, and a compression ratio of eight.eight:1.Its efficiency was spectacular. The G60 16V engine was the hardest G60 unit that VW produced. It was a restricted version mannequin, with solely 71 ever constructed.Mark 3In 1992, the Golf GTI Mark three sports activities automotive was launched. The essential mannequin used a 2 litre, eight valve, single overhead cam engine, creating 115 bhp.Nonetheless, in 1993, the Mark three was fitted with a 2 litre, 16 valve, double overhead cam engine which developed 150 bhp.In 1992, a model of the Golf GTI Mark three was launched.Referred to as the VR6, it was powered by a 2.eight litre, 12 valve, double overhead cam, V6 engine, creating 174 bhp. It was an instantaneous success.Mark 4In 1998, the Golf GTI Mark four sports activities automotive was launched with improved physique styling.The essential mannequin used the two litre, eight valve engine as within the Mark three.Nonetheless, 5 excessive efficiency variants had been additionally obtainable:
There was the VR6 model, with a 2.eight litre, double overhead cam, 24 valve, V6 engine which developed 204 bhp
A variant of this was the 4Motion, a 4 wheel drive, Golf GTI, primarily based on the two.eight litre, V6 engine, with a six pace gearbox, creating 201 bhp
There was a model with a 20 valve, turbocharged, 1.eight litre engine, creating 150 bhp
If this was not sufficient, the turbocharged, 1.eight litre mannequin was obtainable with a six pace gearbox, which developed 180 bhp
Lastly, in 2002, the capability of the two.6 litre, V6 engine was elevated to three.2 litres. It had a six pace gearbox, a compression ratio of 11.three:1, and developed 238 bhp
PEUGEOT 205 GTIIn 1984, the Peugeot 205 GTI 1.6 sports activities automotive was launched.Supplied as a 3 door hatchback, it was thought-about to be among the many hottest sizzling hatches on the last decade.As a result of its mild weight, it had a excessive energy to weight ratio.Early variations had been powered by Peugeot’s eight valve, single overhead cam, 1.6 litre engine with Bosch gasoline injection, a 5 pace gearbox, and disc brakes all spherical.The engine was an all aluminium unit, being versatile and simple to rev.In 1986, it was barely modified with bigger valves, an uprated camshaft, and a detailed ratio gearbox.That very same yr, a convertible model was launched.Additionally in 1986, the Peugeot 205 GTI 1.9 sports activities automotive was launched.
This used a protracted stroke, 1.9 litre model of the unique engine. The end result was tremendously improved flexibility.The suspension was stiffened to cut back pitch and roll.The shorter stroke 1.6 litre engine had the repute of being keen and simple to rev, while the 1.9 litre had extra torque, and felt lazier however with extra torque.Strict emission rules triggered the 1.6 model to be withdrawn in 1992.Nonetheless, by enabling the 1.9 model to carry out successfully with a catalytic converter, which lowered bhp to 122, manufacturing was maintained till 1994.Publish 1990 automobiles are those to look out for. A complete of 332,942 inits of the three variants had been constructed.It has been prompt, however but to be proved, that the Peugeot 205 GTI stole the crown from the VW Golf GTI when it comes to who was the king of the GTI’s.This marked the top of my Assessment of The European sports activities carPerhaps this stroll down reminiscence lane may need answered, or at the least make clear, a attainable query:Which European Sports activities Automobile is Your FavouriteHowever, ought to this query nonetheless stay unanswered, I will likely be reviewing, in some element, in future articles inside this web site, this vary of European sports activities automobiles which had been featured within the memorable period spanning 1950 to 1995.I hope you be part of me in my nostalgic travels “down sports car memory lane”.